Disaster on October 1963. Italy

The Vajont Dam (or Vaiont Dam)[2] is a disused dam, completed in 1959 in the valley of the Vajont River (it) under Monte Toc, 100 km north of Venice, Italy. A 1963 (9 October) landslide caused the overtopping of the dam and around 2,000 deaths.

The Vajont Dam (or Vaiont Dam)[2] is a disused dam, completed in 1959 in the valley of the Vajont River (it) under Monte Toc, 100 km north of Venice, Italy. A 1963 (9 October) landslide caused the overtopping of the dam and around 2,000 deaths.

Disaster Italy 1963
One of the tallest dams in the world, it is 262 m (860 ft) high, 27 m (89 ft) thick at the base and 3.4 m (11 ft) at the top. Its 1963 overtopping was caused when the designers ignored the geological instability of Monte Toc on the southern side of the basin. Warning signs and negative appraisals during the early stages of filling were disregarded, and the attempt to safely control the landslide into the lake created a 200 metre tall wave (ten times higher than predicted) that brought massive flooding and destruction to the Piave valley below, wiping out several villages completely.

On 9 October 1963, engineers observed trees falling and rocks rolling down into the lake where the predicted landslide would take place. Prior to this, the alarming rate of movement of the landslide had not slowed as a result of lowering the water, although the water had been lowered to what SADE believed was a safe level to contain the displacement wave, should a catastrophic landslide occur. With a major landslide now imminent, engineers gathered on top of the dam that evening to witness the tsunami.

At 10:39 pm, a massive landslide of about 260 million m3 of forest, earth, and rock, which fell into the reservoir at up to 110 km per hour (68 mph) completely filled up the narrow reservoir in front of the dam. The landslide was much faster than predicted, taking just 45 seconds, and the resulting displacement of water caused 50 million m3of water to overtop the dam in a 250-metre-high (820 ft) wave.[1][7]

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Albasun: Disaster on October 1963. Italy
Disaster on October 1963. Italy
The Vajont Dam (or Vaiont Dam)[2] is a disused dam, completed in 1959 in the valley of the Vajont River (it) under Monte Toc, 100 km north of Venice, Italy. A 1963 (9 October) landslide caused the overtopping of the dam and around 2,000 deaths.
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